This is an organizational pattern I like:

  • 2-5 ppl
  • Cross-functional
  • Focused on a specific goal
  • Weekly demo to squad

I’ve heard this refered to as a “squad”, “swarm”, “e team” and “feature team”.

One of the nice things is the sense of comraderie from working closely with a small group on a specific goal. Another nice thing is the group dissolves after the goal is accomplished, giving the members closure and chances to try new things without switching teams. Another benefit is broad awareness of how a system works.

This pattern works well in a larger context:

  • Shared code ownership
  • 10-50 ppl
  • Focused on a specific, but larger goal
  • Fortnightly demos from all squads
  • Shared calendar for all squad coordination meetings

When a squad accomplishes its goal, the members dissolve into the larger group. Individuals can learn about work in the larger group by attending the fortnightly demos and/or sitting in on other squads’ coordination meetings.

For example, a product may be supported by several teams. To avoid exposing the org chart in the product, make a large team who’s goal is to make that product excellent. Define a squad for each significant work item. All members of the large group are free to contribute code to the product.

An underlying principle is alignment around customer value over specific products or features. Rather than a group of people owning a code base in perpetuity, regardless of the amount of work required, squads form in response to need.

A counter-example would be several teams supporting a product and that product having disjoint features. Another counter-example would be a large team trying to maintain the interest of all its members in weekly coordination meetings. Yet another counter-example would be lots of individuals working in isolation, esp if they’re doing so to avoid coordination co